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Academic writing, explained.

Have you ever wanted to know

 How to use a particular aspect of English grammar correctly?
 What writing conventions you should follow in your field?
 How to follow a particular journal's instructions correctly?
 Which word is most appropriate to use in a given sentence (e.g., 'demonstrate', 'show', or 'present')?
 How to handle a problem during the peer review process?
 Why a peer reviewer suggested you change your wording?
 Specific points to improve your English writing grammatically and stylistically?


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Our specialist editors will answer any questions you have about writing in English in science, medicine, and the humanities. In 5 simple steps you'll receive a personalized answer.


Some example questions

Grammar

Why was there no "the" before "height" and "weight" in this sentence: "Height and weight were measured at baseline"?

I was told that this sentence is correct: "Ten grams of sample is required for this experiment." Shouldn't it be "Ten grams are required..."?

Vocabulary and word choice

I thought "effect" was a noun and "affect" a verb, but I read is "effected a change in policy." Is that correct English?

What's the difference between "increase of and "increase in"?

Publication ethics

I heard that to avoid plagiarism I should reword a sentence published by another author even though I cite their work. Is that true? Do I have to reword everything I reference?

Can I put a link to my published paper on my website? Am I breaking copyright?

Writing conventions

What's the difference between Oxford and Cambridge spelling in British English? The journal says use British English. Which one should I choose?

How many times do I have to use a term in the abstract and main text before I can use the abbreviation?

I was told that two spaces were needed after a period. Is that correct?

Sometimes I see "follow up" and other times I see "follow-up". Is there any difference?

Guidelines for authors and style guides

The journal guidelines say I should use "title case" for my table captions. What does that mean?

The journal says use a serial comma. What is that?

The Information to Authors says "use a ragged right margin". Can you give me an example?

 
Individual advice

I can't finish my revised paper by the journal's deadline. What should I do?

I found out I made an error in my data analysis, but I already submitted my paper. Should I contact the journal or just wait until I get the referees' comments?

The journal editor said my paper had problems with "logical flow" and a native speaker should help me improve this. What does this mean exactly?

The reviewer told me the grammar was wrong in this sentence: "xxxx." I don't know what is wrong. Can you tell me?